Returns a reference, given a text string.

INDIRECT(textref, type)

textref is a text string specifying the reference to be returned; the reference may be to a single cell or to a range.The reference may then be used in formulas or functions requiring a reference - see the examples below.

type is an optional number; if 0, textref is taken to be in R1C1 notation, and otherwise (or if omitted) textref is taken to be in the usual A1 notation.

A named reference is recognised with either type.

INDIRECT("B2")

(in a cell) returns the contents of cell B2. INDIRECT("B2") returns a reference to cell B2, so this is the same as B2.

INDIRECT("B" & "2")

also returns the contents of cell B2. "B" & "2" becomes the text string "B2".

INDIRECT(D3)

where cell D3 contains the text B2 returns the contents of cell B2.

SUM(INDIRECT("A1:C3"))

returns the sum of the numbers in A1:C3.

INDIRECT("B2", 99)

returns the contents of cell B2. The type is non-zero, so B2 is evaluated as the usual A1 notation.

INDIRECT("R2C3", 0)

returns the contents of cell C2. The type is zero, so R2C3 is evaluated as R1C1 notation.

INDIRECT("R[3]C[1]", 0)

entered in cell B1, returns the contents of cell C4. The type is zero, so R[3]C[1] is evaluated as R1C1 notation, in this case relative to cell B1: 3 rows down and 1 column across to yield a reference to cell C4.

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